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by David Anderson
The European Succession Regulation will start to take full effect from 17 August 2015. After this date, French properties being sold by deceased estates will need to be handled with great care. British nationals who die resident in England with French property will, in most cases, have their French estate dealt with under English law. This means that the notaire selling the probate property has to do so under English law.
What many people have not realised is that if English law applies to the French property this also means that English law applies to the administration of the property. Who can sell, who can sign the mandate, will all be determined by English law.
French notaires will not be used to this as in French law the heirs are deemed to own the property from the date of death. This will no longer be the case for deaths on or after 17 August 2015 and the properties will have to be vested in the executors or administrators of the estate as per English law.
For agents it means that the “mandat de vente” has to be signed by the executor/administrator and not the heirs for the notaire to be able to pay the commission on completion. Otherwise the notaire cannot pay out and the executor/administrator would be entitled to refuse to pay.
Agents who sell French properties before the executor/administrator is appointed will be “intermeddling” in the deceased’s estate and will automatically assume full liability for all the deceased’s taxes and debts; as well as the worldwide inheritance tax.
Sykes Anderson Perry are available to help you with any questions on this important change in French property practice.
by Anita Rieu-Sicart Editor of the Var Village Voice
The inaugural Fantaisie de Musique à Lagrasse set up in a small village of the same name, 30 kms from Carcassonne, was a remarkable success and rechristened En Blanc et Noir (EBEN), is now entering its third year.
Turnbull’s bold initiative launched however just as France’s fabled festival season that has for decades filled almost every corner of the land with the throbbing and thrilling sound of music and more, has been forced into drastic belt-tightening, the direct consequence of a long diet of pain for little gain fed Europe following the inexcusable criminal profligacy of rogue global bankers and complicit politicians.
As Brussels has dragged Paris, Athens, Lisbon, Madrid and other EU capitals into the eighth straight year of unyielding and mainly unfruitful austerity — France, with frighteningly high youth unemployment, is now limping through its longest recession since World War II, according to the New York Times — the French summer extravaganza is just one area facing stringent central government budget cutbacks.
The severe pruning of once lavish state subsidies that have long enabled French Summer Festivals to flourish, promoting new and established talent around the country has started to take a toll.
Some indeed are even questioning whether France is not all “festivaled-out”?
Does France’s world beating annual summer festival programme have too many events was the question France Musique, the state owned broadcaster station posed recently noting the country runs 3,000 festivals a year nationwide.
Discussing the ongoing difficulties facing the French arts world Culture Minister Fleur Pellerin recently confirmed that over the past 12 months alone 50 major festivals have disappeared from the annual calendar. However she claimed, the arrival of 44 brand new festivals in the 2015 season had offset this.
Reporting on the health of France’s summer feast of festivals and notably the most famous at Aix-en-Provence and Avignon, France Musique’s Jean-Baptiste Urbain said: “Between 2015 and 2017, the state will reduce its subsidies to the national arts budget which is delivered via local and regional bodies, by 11 billion euros and the inevitable cutbacks are hitting communities, towns, cities and regions across France.
In late June Journal du Dimanche, reporting on the findings of Emmanuel Négrier, a researcher with the CNRS-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and author of a report about changes affecting French summer music festivals noted, “this year for the first time for many, many years the balance between the established festivals that have closed their doors and new ones that have replaced them, has been negative”.
Among reasons reported by Jean-Baptiste Urbain was that Paris has been forced to pull the plug on the generous subsidy programme that has long provided core funding for French cultural events over the extended summer holiday period.
Other clouds on the horizon include the merger and reorganisation of French regional authorities due for completion by 2020. This raises many questions about how new super regional bodies of different political colours will conduct existing cultural programmes, an issue the radio said was causing festival organisers many headaches.
Meanwhile the costs of staging festivals are rising as are cachets paid to performing artists, fuelled by increased competition from the USA and East Europe where certain sponsors and advertisers such as tobacco and alcohol companies, encounter fewer restraints on product placement and hence are more willing to provide funding.
Responding to these pressures French arts organisers are adapting of course and tailoring activities to what they can raise at the box office supplemented where possible by generous arts patrons.
Another factor impacting the scene was the outcome of this year’s local elections which saw thousands of local authorities change hands and new teams of political opponents seizing the opportunity to impose change often for changes’ sake. One such reported case was the French Basque town of Bayonne where the newly elected centrist mayor cancelled a subsidy for the long-held Translatines theatre festival, in favour of a sports event.
Festival En Blanc et Noir
Thankfully all is not gloom and doom and fine examples of thriving festivals and musical events remain, some even offering performances for free. Robert Turnbull’s En Blanc et Noir (EBEN) festival is just one such example.
As he told Anita Rieu-Sicart Editor of the Var Village Voice on the Cote d’Azur: “When a few friends and I created the piano Festival En Blanc et Noir in the village of Lagrasse, our principle aim was to provide opportunities for young pianists at the start of their careers”.
The festival began as a humble affair. With a stage just big enough for two grand pianos, minimal lighting and no amplification, it was really a salon ‘en plein air, en pleine lune’, a stone’s throw from the Abbaye de Lagrasse, one of France’s most romantic monuments.
“Musically”, he said, “we were all surprised by the results. One or two pianists, you could tell, were still finding their form, but the standing ovation inspired by James Kreiling and Janneke Brits’s piano duo version of Stravinsky’s Le Sacre du Printemps gave us all the sense that we are onto something. The talent of over a dozen gifted musicians radiated long after the sounding of the final notes. The experience, we soon saw, must be repeated!”
Outlining the programme for this year’s event he said: “James and Janneke, both Guildhall (of London) graduates, return this year for a four-hand arrangement of Debussy’s tone poem La Mer, and – perhaps the most exciting item of the entire festival – the French premiere of Gustav Holst’s recently-discovered arrangement of The Planets Suite. Of course Holst adored France and spent many days walking in the Auvergne, dreaming up cosmic melodies.
“2015 also marks the centenary of possibly the 20th century’s most mystifying composer. Alexander Scriabin is perhaps most famous for his eccentric and unexecuted plan to mount musical extravaganzas in a temple in the Himalayas. But for pianists, the technical challenges demanded to conjure his unique sound world are very real. Having written a dissertation on the composer while recording a CD of his music, James Kreiling will share his insights at EBEN this year before performing the composer’s 6th and 10th sonatas.
“The Serbian-American pianist Ivan Ilic won multiple plaudits for his recordings of Godowsky’s fiendishly difficult left-hand ‘studies’ on Chopin’s Etudes. He opens 2015’s EBEN with a selection of Scriabin Preludes, sharing the stage with his pupil Paul Salinier, who plays Debussy’s Estampes. Together they end the concert as a duo – for Schubert’s Overture in F minor and Debussy’s rarely heard Divertissement.
“Responding to the suggestion that last year’s festival was too Anglophone, I have been on the trail of French talent. Francois Moschetta, a pupil of Michel Beroff, plays Schubert’s great A major Sonata and some Ravel. Guillaume Sigier, former RCM student has also chosen Ravel along with Brahms’s Opus 118 Intermezzi and something by the contemporary British composer Thomas Ades. Louisa Counarie has decided on a programme embracing 200 years of the classics: Schubert, Bach, Mozart and Mendelssohn’s sweetly affecting Songs Without Words. Lagrasse’s has its own resident concert pianist. Charley Felter’s debut for EBEN assembles Preludes by the Catalan composer Mompou, a handful of Chopin Mazurkas and two of his own waltzes.
“A handful of last year’s pianists are back, by popular demand. Bobby Mitchell, who charmed everyone last year with Liszt arrangement of Wagner’s Leibestod, returns with another eclectic programme that juxtaposes Schumann’s epic Kreisleriana and Gershwin’s eternal Rhapsody in Blue.
“The festival aims to showcase other pianistic skills, including accompanying. Nestor Bayon returns to accompanying his compatriot, baritone Alex Vicens, in a programme of Catalan folk songs, Tosti, and a group of operatic arias ending with Puccini’s bloodcurdling Nessum Dorma.
“London-based Yshani Perinpanayagam brings Johnny Herford, one of Britain rising stars who inspired rave reviews as ‘K’ in Philip Glass’s opera based on Kafka’s The Trial. He has chosen Strauss and Wolf lieder but is bound to delight a large part of the audience with the quintessentially British A Shropshire Lad and Britten’s Folk Songs.
“The soprano Marta Garcia Cadena has chosen an enchanting programme of Strauss, Faure, Schubert’s most popular songs, as well as one or two from her native Catalunya. For the penultimate concert violinist Lev Atlas and his pianist partner Stephen Adam bring a 26 year-old Russian baritone, an award-winner at a recent Rachmaninov vocal competition. Alexey Gusev is expected to hit the big time, which is why we were determined to engage him this year. He will be singing what he loves most – Tchaikovsky and Rachmaninov songs”.
One of the most attractive aspects of this festival, adds Anita Rieu-Sicart, is that the concerts are free, people stage them and contribute just for the love of it, while still raising enough money to pay the young musicians.
Story: Anita Rieu-Sicart email@example.com
One of the “plus beaux villages de France”, Lagrasse is known for its 8th century Abbey, its medieval streets, its concentration of artists and artisans, and its ability to showcase a variety of cultural events year round. In addition to a regular programme of events such as Le Banquet du Livre, Lagrasse has played host to once-in-a-lifetime special events courtesy of principal dancers from the London Royal Ballet, held in the grounds of the Abbey.
EBEN – Sunday 26 July to Wednesday 29 July, 2015.
These sure footed tiny antelope inhabit the mountain ranges in Europe.
You might have seen mounted sets of horned skulls with the date of shooting beautifully inscribed in dark ink.
These were souvenirs from the last century’s hunting fraternity.
Today, end though they are not an endangered species – it is forbidden to hunt them so a diverse fauna of mountain life is encouraged.
So we’ve no idea what the meat tastes like, but a good red Burgundy always suits venison as does Cotes du Rhone.
Soft chamois leather was used by the glove industry in SW France. Chamois wash leathers now come from goat and sheep skins.
At last a cheese that wasn’t sponsored or demanded by a French King – this one goes right back to Roman times when France was Gaul and Asterix ruled the forests !
Banon is a goat’s cheese that once it’s set, they dip it in eau-de-vie and then wrap in a chestnut leaf. Scoop it out and enjoy.
It’s from the Haute Provence and so it’s no surprise that it goes down well with a glass of red or white Bandol. Though personally I prefer Bandol rose, particularly on a hot summer’s day in the garden.
by Jeremy Cook, World First
Good Morning on Tuesday 30th June
Missing the deadline
The June 30th deadline is upon us but you would be hard pressed to find someone in markets who believes that the Greeks will honour the $1.7bn payment due to the International Monetary Fund today. $1.7bn is the total of all the repayments due through June that the IMF allowed Greece to bundle into one end-of-month payment. There is little doubt in my mind that Greece does not have the money on hand to pay the authorities back. While the eventual missed payment will hit the IMF’s balance sheet it is the reaction of the European Central Bank that is most important.
ECB reaction crucial
Tomorrow will see the ECB take another decision on the assistance that they can provide to the Greek banking system. Liquidity assistance is only available as long as the banks are solvent; missing today’s payment may not signal in classical terms that Greece is insolvent and therefore the support for the Greek banking system should remain.
The deadline for payment to the IMF is 11 o’clock tonight London time.
Now the campaigns begin to court the votes of Greeks on the referendum question of accepting the bailout proposals. Both France and Germany have told the Greek people in no uncertain terms that the referendum represents a ‘yes’ or ‘no’ vote on Greece’s inclusion within the Eurozone. Making probabilities for a ‘yes’ or a ‘no’ are a fool’s errand and is nothing but guesswork at this stage.
Market reaction has turned around through the Asian session with EURUSD finishing higher on the session than its close on Friday. A large part of the EUR buying seems to have come from the Swiss National Bank as it warned once again that Swiss franc was too strong and that it would take action to weaken its currency. Throw in a sell-off in expectations of Federal Reserve and Bank of England interest rate increases and you have an environment in which the euro will run higher. This is not expected to last through the week, however, given the risk of Sunday’s referendum.
The volatility in markets that Tsipras will have been hoping for has not materialised. Volatility and widespread contagion would likely push Greece’s creditors to softening terms of any additional bailout. Apart from a sell-off in global equities – which were overbought – and a loosening of yields on Spanish and Italian debt – which were also artificially high – the picture has not been too painful. A sell-off is one thing, contagion is a Lehman Brothers-esque gamechanger and we are not seeing that.
Away from Greece, today’s final reading of UK Q1 GDP is expected at 2.5%, slightly higher than the 2.4% that the first revision gave us. Consumption, investment and inventories are expected to be the main positives with Q1’s awful trade performance the main laggard. As a result, the latest reading of the UK current account – exports from the UK minus imports into the UK – should continue to deteriorate further into negativity.
Have a great day.
GBP relegated to the middle pages
JUNE 29, 2015
Writing an update on sterling while the world is focused on Greece is like being a newspaper’s squash correspondent during the Olympics; you’re involved but you’re not going to make too many headlines. In a climate of fear and intrigue as we are seeing in Greece at the moment, all but the most important and fundamental of data points are lost in the noise and fog.
A mixed bag for sterling
The pound’s performance was mixed last week, starting off strong before fading as the week went on. Speeches by Monetary Policy Committee members Weale, Forbes and McCafferty were towards the more hawkish end of the scale. Certainly Martin Weale’s FT article suggests that he is the market favourite to vote for an interest rate rise at the Bank of England’s August meeting.
The arguments are well-known; inflation expectations are coming back from their slightly deflationary lows while the UK economy is driving onwards and the employment market is creating wage increases. These form the basis of our predictions for an interest rate rise by March of next year – a thought that the market is now backing to an 80% probability.
This probability is based on an assumption – misguided or not – that the Greek situation is resolved in a peaceful manner and that Greece does not leave the Eurozone. If that proves to be wrong then I would tack another 12 months on to that March projection.
Yellen will wait for now
Last month, the IMF warned about the fragility of world markets in a climate of possible interest rate increases from the Federal Reserve. It is my belief that the Bank of England will wait on the Federal Reserve to start the ball rolling and Janet Yellen will be cautious about increasing the interest rate divergence between the US and the Eurozone/China with emerging markets in the firing line as a result.
Looking at the data calendar for the week ahead, there is very little to distract markets from Athens but some sterling negativity could easily be spied. Tomorrow’s final reading of Q1 GDP is expected at 2.5%, slightly higher than the 2.4% that the first revision gave us. Consumption, investment and inventories are expected to be the main positives with Q1’s awful trade performance the main laggard. As a result the latest reading of the UK current account – exports from the UK minus imports into the UK – should continue to deteriorate further into negativity.
PMIs from the manufacturing (Wednesday), construction (Thursday) and services industries (Friday) are all set to stabilise. Manufacturing in the wider European Union bounced back in May and that should continue, although I am expecting the export picture to remain poor. Real wage increases and the pricing out of the risk surrounding the general election should allow the service sector a decent reading in June.
Given the noises from Athens, making a prediction on sterling this week is even more of an inexact science. For what it’s worth I can easily see GBPUSD coming lower as speculators look for the haven safety of the greenback, while GBP should outperform higher yielding currencies and the beleaguered euro.
Greece, it seems, may finally have reached a decisive moment.
We’ve been talking about the “Greek financial crisis” for years (almost six years, if you’re counting), so it now feels less like a crisis and more like the usual state of affairs. But tomorrow will be pivotal, because on 30 July two things happen:
1.The lights go out on Greece’s current Greek bail-out programme. This matters because it’s also the end of the legal basis on which all future bail-outs rely; and
2.Greece is meant to pay the International Monetary Fund €1.6 billion – if, as seems likely, the payment is missed, will Greece be in default? IMF boss Christine Lagarde says yes, but power players like Germany’s Angela Merkel will be working hard to convince her to extend the hand of mercy.
Here’s our review of a tumultuous week and – more importantly – what’s on the cards for the major currencies this week.
Euro stuck in reverse as Greece (literally) runs out of gas
The euro appreciated slightly on Monday, 22 June when Europe briefly tingled with positive vibes that a Greece and its creditors would make a deal. But that buzz quickly wore off and the comedown was harsh. The euro touched its lowest levels in three weeks against the US dollar, settling nearly 2% lower over the course of the week. It also fared badly against both Sterling, shedding close to 1% by Friday, 26 June, and the Japanese yen (down almost 0.85%).
Pandemonium on the streets of Greece will not help the euro to make up lost ground. Supermarkets and petrol stations can’t keep up with demand from panicked buyers, and there are reports of pensioners fainting in the long queues outside Salonika’s shuttered banks. Greek banks won’t reopen until after 5 July, the day of the snap referendum called by PM Alexis Tsipras to determine whether the country will accept the proposals put forward by its creditors. If Greece votes “No” to the mooted reforms, it would be as good as voting “No” to a future in the Eurozone.
Eurozone hopes for painkilling data
Europe will have to look to inflation, unemployment and Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) figures for some kind of relief from the Greek debt situation’s relentless battering of the euro.
Consumer prices returned to positive territory in May, and analysts will want to see sustained price growth to alleviate fears of deflation raised by Tuesday’s (23 June) report. Meanwhile, labour data is released alongside inflation figures tomorrow (30 June) and final PMI survey data is scheduled for Friday (3 July).
Flash PMI results indicated that economic growth soared to a four-year high in June, which added weight to expectations of 0.4% second-quarter economic growth.
Ripples felt afar as Asian currencies also flounder
Asian currencies also felt the effects of the Greek debt crisis. The South Korean won racked up losses of 0.8% over the week – its biggest retreat in a month. Currencies in the east dropped thanks to speculation that emerging markets might see an increase in capital outflow volatility if there is a Grexit.
The big lesson here? Assume that no monetary unit is immune to the euro’s sufferings.
Sterling manages to hold its own
After putting in two weeks of solid gains, the British pound succumbed to the uncertainty surrounding Greece and its creditors last week (ending 26 June). Over the course of the week, the pound sank around 0.9% against the Greenback after it had racked up gains close to 2% the week before.
However, against most other major currencies, Sterling made it back into positive territory towards the end of the week. The pound-Aussie dollar pairing rebounded on Thursday (25 June) to record gains close to 0.9%, while the pound-Swiss franc pairing finished the week up by around 1%.
This week, investors in the UK will be waiting for the final revision of first quarter gross domestic product (GDP) figures, due on Tuesday (30 June). Previous estimates suggest the economy grew by 0.3% in January to March, though upbeat revisions to construction data could pull quarterly GDP up to 0.4%. Even so, manufacturing weakness adds a little uncertainty to the mix – meaning that there’s potential for GDP data to disappoint.
Other notable releases in the UK include mortgage approval data from the Bank of England (29 June), GfK consumer confidence figures (30 June), and construction PMI numbers (2 July).
US dollar finds its footing
The Greenback regained some strength last week, with a strong rally towards the week’s end. Thursday saw consumer spending data hit its highest levels in eight years, which stoked expectations that the US Federal Reserve would raise interest rates as early as September. Come Friday, the dollar index looked set for gains of more than 1.5%.
The US dollar-Japanese yen pairing added around 1%, and the dollar-Swiss franc pairing settled close to 2% higher.
The spotlight in the US this week will be on latest labour market update for May (due Thursday, 2 July). Attention will also be on consumer confidence data (30 June) and final PMI survey figures (3 July).
At the end of this week, US policymakers will be keen to see non-farm payroll figures and initial jobless claims numbers. They’ll scour the data for further indications that the US’s economic recovery is now robust enough to withstand the tightening of monetary policy.
Enjoy the end of June, and we’ll see you next week.
by John Marshall
Laas in the 64 Pyrénées Atlantiques.
You need something to make you stand out from the crowd, so declare yourself a “Principalité”, erect a custom’s post, invite Brigitte Bardot to stay and as she didn’t accept put up a plaque saying “she could have stayed here”.
This is a wonderful place, it’s full of humour, has a great restaurant and very interesting displays around the church about astronomy & the origins of the names of days and months.
The humour isn’t new, the old memorial to a famous citizen has a wheelbarrow on the top.
To quote Through the Keyhole, “Who would live in a place like this?”
The station is the lovechild of David Symonds, after fifty years’ broadcast experience accumulated on three continents: Australasia, Europe & the U.S. David was a founder member of the first Radio 1 team; opened Capital Radio, London, 1973 and Radio Victory, Portsmouth, 1975; managed & programmed two properties in L.A. during the 1980’s. In the 1990’s he moved back to the BBC, then Capital Gold before emigrating to Cyprus. David designed, built & managed Coast FM in Limassol, which was sold to Russian owners in 2013. He now lives in Agnac, Lot-et-Garonne.
David’s core belief is that art is either good or bad – there is no such thing as OK art. Therefore why restrict output to specific genres? If something is good it deserves to be heard, regardless of which pigeon hole it may occupy. So pigeons, yes, but no turkeys.
Internet radio is the future. Norway has already announced its intention to scrap the FM waveband in 2017 and other countries will follow suit. Contemporaneously, manufacturers are developing an explosion of new platforms & apps with which to receive web radio. In the U.S. internet listening has grown from 93m in 2010 to 170m in 2015. The next generation of silver surfers will be completely web savvy. It is nigh on impossible to qualify our USP – but the answer to the question ‘why?’ is that our intuitive feel for what makes people go, ‘WTF was that?’ is what will separate us from the rest. Terrestrial players are all safety-first merchants working with playlists of 200 – 300 songs. They do not appear to realise that they are actively driving people to seek alternative listening.
What does this radio station promise its listeners?
Great music for people with grown-up tastes. Independent acts will feature prominently – this is tomorrow’s talent, today. Just as book writers have moved to self-publishing on Amazon & Kindle, and the world of analogue publishing is shrinking, so in music the digital trend is firmly established. Independent artists account for 27% of the UK music inventory, which is a multi-billion pound industry. We will also introduce information and magazine content incrementally and as one recognises editorial need, but there will be no talk for talk’s sake. Bought-in programmes will be considered on merit and guest presenters will be invited to contribute.
As far as prospects are concerned – yes, there is a lot of competition out there. But success is all about content. There is nothing intimidating about being in a saturated market if you are the best at what you do.
“You have to learn the rules of the game. And then you have to play better than anyone else” (Albert Einstein)
“Learn the rules like a professional, so you can break them like an artist” (Pablo Picasso)
Thus, The Roolz. Listen and help us grow.
Editors Note: David’s voice was the first DJ on air when Capital Radio launched in October 1973.
by George East
Home & Dry in France follows the early adventures of George and Donella East as they make every mistake in the (not-then-written) book about how and how not to buy a second home across the Channel.
Tellingly subtitled A Year in Purgatory, the book is much more than a listing of all the awful pitfalls awaiting the innocent abroad: it is the hilarious and always entertaining account of how a couple set out with a dream…and came close to turning it in to a nightmare . . .
At last, it seemed, we had found our dream home in France.
However, and as our agent pointed out, there were several minor obstacles and drawbacks to the purchase of the delightful cottage. One of them was the potential and sudden appearance of the original owner’s son in a bath towel at regular intervals.
This situation provided us with another valuable example of the diversity, complexity and sometimes sheer bloody-mindedness of French property laws. One of the many dating back to the Reign of Terror (and still terrorising unwary would-be foreign buyers like us) this particular beauty aimed to stop property falling back into the clutches of the greedy ruling classes. The original idea was to stop the head of any household signing away his family’s birthright by selling the roof over their heads without full consultation and approval. In application, it now meant that virtually every blood relative, friend or casual aquaintance of the owner had to agree to the sale of any property, be it ever so humble.
In the case of the fisherman’s cottage on which we had set out hearts, the owner had secured the approval of all his family to the sale, with the exception of his eldest son. After extensive and expensive consultations with the local lawyer, mayor and anyone else in the village with an interest in the matter, a truly French compromise had been reached. The son would agree to the sale and benefit from his share of the proceeds, but insisted on retaining the right to pass through our cottage to get to the family bathroom, which happened to be at the end of the terrace the fisherman was selling off in bits.
This would give the son the rite and right of passage to stroll through our property at any time, night or day and whenever nature or a desire for a wash-and-brush-up called.
Given the traditional rural French attitude to personal hygiene, our agent reassured us, it was not likely that we would be too inconvenienced by the brawny young man strolling through our bedroom or kitchen clutching a loofah and bar of soap, but it was just as well that we should be aware of the potential problem…
On 18 June 1940 a little known general from the French army made a speech from London urging the people of France not to capitulate to the Nazis, but to resist.
Many towns and villages still display this speech proudly in town squares for all to see.
To all French
France has lost a battle!
But France has not lost the war!
Governments have capitulated, giving way to panic, forgetting honor, delivering their country into bondage. However, all is not lost!
Nothing is lost, because this war is a world war. In the free universe, immense forces have not yet risen. One day these forces will crush the enemy. It is necessary that France, on that day, should be present to win. So she will regain its freedom and greatness. That is my goal, my only goal!
That is why I invite all the French, wherever they are, to join me in action, in sacrifice and in hope.
Our country is in danger of death.
VIVE LA FRANCE!
Copyright © 2015 Living in France ? or interested in France ? | All Rights Reserved | Publisher John Rushton, St Julia de Bec, 11500 | www.Living-in-France.com
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